DAKAR, Senegal—Senegal woke up March 26 to a new president-elect, Bassirou Diomaye Faye, a former tax inspector and political newcomer who inspired voters, including many unemployed youth, with a vow to fight corruption and reform the economy.

Mr. Faye, 44, was catapulted into the presidential campaign when he was backed by the popular opposition leader Ousmane Sonko, who had been barred from running due to a prior conviction. Winning the presidential election was a dramatic rise for Mr. Faye, who was released from prison less than two weeks ago and is now due to be the youngest leader of the West African nation.

“I pledge to govern with humility and transparency and to fight corruption at all levels. I pledge to devote myself fully to rebuilding our institutions,” he said during his first speech March 25 as president-elect, restating promises made during his campaign.

Senegal President Bassirou Diomaye Faye

Celebrations erupted around the capital March 25 evening as news of Faye’s victory spread, but calm returned on March 26 and citizens went about their normal business. Mamadou Diakhaté, a 32-year-old market vendor from Dakar’s suburbs, said he was relieved that elections had been peaceful and that life could resume after months of uncertainty.


“We hope the new president will not disappoint,” Diakhaté said March 26. “The young have a lot of hope in him.”

While official results of the vote were not expected until presstime, the other front-runner—former Prime Minister Amadou Ba who was backed by incumbent President Macky Sall—conceded defeat based on clear margins in preliminary results. Ba and Sall both congratulated Faye and named him the winner.

The election followed months of unrest ignited by the arrests last year of Sonko and Faye, and concerns that the president would seek a third term in office despite constitutional term limits. The violence shook Senegal’s reputation as a stable democracy in a region that has seen a wave of coups. Rights groups said dozens were killed in the protests, while some 1,000 people were jailed.

Mr. Sall sought to delay the election until December but that move was blocked by the country’s constitutional court, and the government was forced to allow an election to go forward this month.

Mr. Faye was considered an anti-establishment candidate, and his campaign messages of economic reform and anti-corruption resonated with the youth. Almost a third of young people are unemployed with thousands risking their lives on dangerous journeys in search of jobs in the West.

Abibatou Fall, a 25-year-old unemployed tourism graduate, said she was praying that the incoming president can improve the economy and create jobs. “I am unemployed and my parents continue to look after me,” said Ms. Fall said. “We needed change.”

Mr. Faye has vowed to improve Senegal’s control over its natural resources by promoting national companies to prevent the country from falling into what his campaign called “economic enslavement.” His manifesto promised to renegotiate Senegal’s oil and gas contracts and introduce a new currency.

On the night of March 25, Faye outlined some early foreign policy priorities, which included reforming the troubled West African regional bloc known as ECOWAS.

Rida Lyammouri of the Policy Center for the New South, a Morocco-based think tank, said that a promise by Faye to move away from former colonial power France could define the foreign policy of the country’s new government.

“A win by the opposition also means major changes ahead in domestic and foreign policies,” Lyammouri said.

However, analysts at Pangea-Risk said that the lack of a majority in Senegal’s parliament and financial conditions imposed by the IMF will prevent Faye’s more drastic pledges. Already, Mr. Faye has backtracked on the promise to create a national currency, adding that he will first seek to reform the regional currency CFA, shared between 14 West and Central African nations.

Analysts highlighted a potential tension between Faye and Sonko’s push for sovereignty and the campaign promise to improve living conditions for citizens. Quitting the CFA, which is pegged to the euro, could trigger an inflationary crisis and renegotiating contracts with oil and gas companies is thought to be costly and lengthy, as well as damaging Senegal’s reputation as a destination for foreign investment.

The election was largely peaceful and early counts showed voters turned out overwhelmingly in favor of the opposition. Mr. Sonko had promised a resounding victory on his YouTube channel.

Mr. Faye’s roots lie in a small town in central Senegal. He is a practicing Muslim and has two wives. Ahead of the March 24 election, Faye published a declaration of his assets, and called on other candidates to do the same. It lists a home in Dakar, and land outside the capital and in his hometown. His bank accounts hold roughly $6,600.

After studying law and graduating from Senegal’s National School of Administration in 2004, Mr. Faye became a tax inspector. This was when he met Mr. Sonko, also a tax inspector, and joined his newly formed party PASTEF. He quickly became a prominent figure in the party and was named general secretary in 2021. (AP)