KHARTOUM, Sudan (FinalCall.com) – During two press conferences the recurring theme of European Union and Carter Center observers was, recently concluded Sudan elections “were not up to international standards”– but were a good first step for Africa’s largest country.
Meanwhile African Union chief Jean Ping hailed Sudan April 17 for “peacefully conducted” elections as Khartoum kicked off vote-counting following five days of balloting. The African Union was among international bodies that sent election monitors to observe polling.
Mr. Ping commended the “people of the Sudan and Sudanese political parties for peacefully conducting the just-concluded multi-party general elections.”
“These elections constitute a fundamental milestone towards realizing (its) democratic transformation … as espoused by the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement,” the African Union said in a statement.
The central government Khartoum and leaders in Southern Sudan signed the deal that opened the way for national elections and for a referendum next year on whether the oil-rich South, which is also mainly Christian and Animist, will secede from the Islamic North. This political process ended a bitter decades long civil war that left some 2 million dead and some 4 million people displaced.
The European Union and Carter Center observation missions praised the Sudanese people for overcoming overwhelming odds and still being able to achieve high voter participation. “Turnout is very high, 60 percent, but with significant deficiencies,” said EU mission head Veronique de Keyser, in remarks to the media.
“It is obvious that the elections will fall short of international standards that are expected of advanced democracies … The people’s expectations have not been met,” former U.S. president Jimmy Carter commented, during a press conference. His Carter Center describes itself as an institution “committed to advancing human rights and alleviating unnecessary human suffering.” Founded in 1982, the center has conducted election monitoring as part of its mission “to improve the quality of life for people in more than 70 countries.”
Though many parties suddenly withdrew from the election, their names remained on the ballot giving voters the full range of candidates to choose from, Mr. Carter noted.
He stressed the importance of international observers saying, “Their presence helps deter fraud and taking away the peoples’ right to vote and international observers reveal lessons that have been learned, and how the future process of democracy can be improved.”
Though final election results were not expected until April 20, in his preliminary report Mr. Carter “commended the Sudanese people for the generally peaceful nature of the voting process.”
During his brief and to the point presentation, the 85-year-old expressed “hope that all of the …political factions… (would someday) participate in the future in a positive dialogue with one another to insure unity in this great country.”
Mr. Carter also acknowledged that the over 60 percent turnout far outweighed American participation in voting which is usually just above 40 percent.
He pointed out that the Carter Center has been involved in 78 elections, “many of them in Africa,” since its inception.
What the former U.S. president didn’t take the time to do is actually compare the Sudanese election with other African elections, or provide observations on what this election means to the Motherland. On a continent plagued by election fraud and polling that many times results in confl ict and war, Sudan’s election finished without a major incident.
Even in Darfur, which had been at war with the Khartoum government, there were no credible reports of election related violence. “We haven’t witnessed any security breaches in the state, and all the agents of the political parties which participated in the elections, as well as the independent candidates and local and international observers were present at the tallying centers and at many of the polling centers,” said Al-Sir Ahmed Al- Mek, chairman of the High Elections Committee in Northern Darfur.
Some questioned why these developments weren’t the focus on the western observers’ press conferences.
Mr. Carter’s appeal for dialogue and increased party participation appeared to fall on deaf ears. Most major opposition parties in the North, including the Sudan Communist Party, the Umma Party, and the Umma Reform and Renewal Party withdrew from the race days before voting started.
They began berating the ruling National Congress Party saying the party of President Omar Al-Bashir had made it impossible for a free and fair election process.
The NCP’s junior partner in the government of national unity, the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement, also decided against participating in the North with limited exceptions for similar reasons.
The lack of participation made it apparent that incumbent and presidential candidate Al-Bashir would win reelection by an overwhelming margin.
“By contrast,” according to the Sudan Tribune, “the legislative and gubernatorial elections in the North were expected to witness a stiff competition between parties some of which are relying on a religious followers base such as the Unionist Party (DUP) whose leader Mohamed Osman Al-Mirghani is also the head of the Al-Khatmiya religious sect.”
This was the country’s first multiparty election in 24 years. There were 27 default winners in the National Assembly, the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly, and state legislative assemblies, announced April 17 by the National Election Commission. These winners were known since the beginning of the election because there was only one candidate running for office.
President Carter said it was unfortunate that “many political rights and freedoms were circumscribed” for most of the period leading up to the election, “fostering distrust among the political parties.”
Veronique de Keyser, who led a delegation of 130 monitors from 25 European countries, also said the election suffered from “signifi cant deficiencies,” including problems getting ballots to polling places, poll stations opening late or not at all and charges of voter intimidation.
Sudan’s National Election Commission seemed at odds with the European Union and Carter Center findings, saying those assessments should have taken into account the context of the election.
Both reports “do not take into account conditions in which the elections took place,” National Election Commission vice chairman Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah told the press.
Vice Chairman Abdullah was also disappointed that neither report focused on the “fairness” connected with how elections were conducted, the significant “participation” and the “free environment in which it took place.” He stressed voting for president, the national legislature and regional legislatures and offices were “a new electoral experience for the Sudanese voter.”
Husahim Elzien, who ran for congress under the Democratic Unionist Party banner, had a different take on the Carter Center report. He felt the Carter Center’s acceptance of the government’s invitation to monitor elections and its partially favorable report was tantamount to putting its stamp of approval on the election process.
In addition, Mr. Elzien charged that the government bused in soldiers as registered voters, or included soldier barracks in redistricting. These soldiers, suggested Mr. Elzien, were expected to vote for the ruling party.
Dr. Nado Elzein, a physicist and deputy dean of the faculty of applied sciences and computers at Omdurman University, felt government control of the election process gave the National Congress Party an unfair advantage. Still, she said, sitting out the election process was not an option.
“Change can’t come with dreams, there should be some movement,” said Dr. Elzein said.
Sudan kicks off and extends elections (FCN, 04-13-2010)
African leaders call for peaceful elections in Sudan (FCN, 04-09-2010)
Serious questions about politics in Sudan and North Africa (FCN, 11-05-2009)